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Nerve Decompression

Nerve decompression, by definition, is the removal of pressure applied on a nerve to relieve pain. This can be done with a surgical procedure to remove the issue of constricting tissue aggravating the nerve and ending the neuropathic pain in the hand, or foot.

The peripheral nerves travel through certain points and tunnels in the hand and foot, like the carpal tunnel in the hand and the tarsal tunnel in the foot. It is in these areas where compression can occur and aggravate the nerves. Nerve decompression surgery can even help end migraines.

Causes of compression:

  • Lack of circulation
  • Trauma such as fractures
  • Repeated exposure or activity
  • Lesions or tumors
  • Expansion of tissue
  • Weight gain
  • Pregnancy
  • Diabetes

Symptoms of nerve compression include:

  • Numbness
  • Tingling
  • Burning pain
  • Muscle weakness


  • Diagnosis depends on the location of the nerve, as well as the symptoms, signs and severity of pain.
  • In most cases, the sensory and sensation symptoms, tingling and numbness, are the first to set in, leading later on to the muscle weakness.
  • This problem is mostly found in the hand, wrist, ankle and foot.


Treatment depends on the underlying medical condition causing the painful compression. For example, if the cause is weight gain, the first treatment would be a weight loss program.


However, there are many causes of neuropathy in the extremities that call for surgery to decompress the nerve and relieve the pain. In severe cases, commonly found with carpal tunnel, tarsal tunnel and cubital tunnel syndrome, the pain does not cease unless surgery is performed. The sooner these nerves are decompressed, the less chance there is for permanent nerve damage.

Immediately after this short surgery, the pain is relieved and the patient can go on living a normal life again.


It is important to note that recovery following nerve decompression depends on the patient. The numbness and tingling may disappear immediately or last a few weeks or months. After surgery, it is common for patients to feel soreness around the scarring of the incision and to lose strength temporarily in the wrist.

Peripheral Nerve Decompression Surgery is a technique that our specialists have mastered at Victory Healthcare’s Foot and Hand Pain Center. If you suffer from foot or hand pain, it is important to call our specialists at the Foot and Hand Pain Centers of Texas and let us help end your pain. Call toll-free (855) 204-7246 or contact to learn more about your symptoms, or to schedule an appointment for an exam or surgery.

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